CHAPTER 1 PAGE 1 “My name is Francis Joseph Cassavant and I have just returned to Frenchtown in Monument and the war is over and I have no face.”
Establishes the setting
Introduces narrator in first person
(speculation) Surprising statement creates mystery
3. Chapter 1 – page 1″Oh, I have eyes… but no ears to speak of, just bits of dangling flesh. But that’s fine, like Dr Abrams says… He was joking, of course.”
Conversational style of address
Creates a close bond between the reader and the narrator
Of course he was joking you poor broken man
6. Chapter 1 – page 3″This was proof that the scarf and the bandage were working in two ways: not only to hide the ugliness of what used to be my face, but to hide my identity.”
(speculation) Why is Francis trying to hide?
Francis believes he is ugly- low self esteem (Poor franny n’awwww)
7. Chapter 1 – page 4″I thought of Nicole Renard, realizing I had not thought of her for, oh, maybe two hours.”
First mention of Nicole
(Speculation:) Suggests Francis may be in love with her (well duh)
Makes the reader ask questions???////????///???
9. Chapter 1 – page 4″At that moment, I knew that I was really anonymous, that I wasn’t Francis Joseph Cassavant anymore but a tenant in Frenchtown.”
(Speculation) Why does Francis want to be anonymous?
Contrasts with the opening sentence. (See flashcard number one).
10. Chapter 1 – page 5″I was home again in Frenchtown. I thought of the gun hidden away in my duffel bag and knew that my mission was about to begin.”
(Speculation)What is Francis’s mission?
(Yet more speculation yes i love it) Why does he have a gun?
Creates mystery and suspense
12. Chapter 1 – page 6″Then I am filled with guilt and shame, knowing that I just prayed for the man I am going to kill.”
Francis frequently feels guilt and shame
the section emphasises his religious feelings
Statement creates dramatic tension (like who da hell he gon’ kill??????? oh wait yeah its larry)
13. Chapter 1 – page 7″‘You’re a big hero,’ he said. ‘A Silver Star hero.'” This is the first reference to being a hero in the novel The reader wonders why Francis has been awarded the Silver Star
This is the first reference to being a hero in the novel (i think)
(speculation) The reader wonders why Francis has been awarded the Silver Star
14. Chapter 1 – page 7″I am not a hero, of course, and I turn away in disgust.”
Francis has low self-esteem (poor baby)
(speculation) Why doesn’t he believe he is a hero?
(imma need my speculation spectacles on cause jesus theres more) Why does he say “of course”?
15. Chapter 1 – page 7 “And even though I am home from the war, I wonder if I will ever see her again.”
The chapter ends on a cliff-hanger
(speculation) Where is Nicole? Better yet, who is Nicole because we haven’t met her yet?
(more spec) What happened to her? (I know more than you, dear flashcard)
16. Chapter 2 – page 8″The most beautiful girl I had ever seen… The pale purity of her face reminded me of the statue of St Therese… I silently pledged her my love and loyalty forever.”
Francis’s first description of Nicole shows how he reveres her
He luuuuuurves her
17. Chapter 2 – page 9″Was the look that passed between us that first day a wish of my imagination?”
Emphasises Francis’s lack of self-esteem (again)
Is this typical teenage angst?
18. Chapter 2 – page 12″I never knew love could be so agonising.”
This is ironic
(speculation) For Francis, his love for Nicole does become agony
21. Chapter 3 – page 14″The Great Gatsby which I’d heard was a great novel… We drank vin rouge like the heroes in a Hemingway novel.”
Francis refers to classic American Literature
Shows what he imagines war to be like ‘drank vin rouge’
This is the first mention of his interest in reading and writing
26. Chapter 3 – page 18″Not like the war movies at the Plymouth, nobody displaying heroics or bravado”
Francis repeats the idea that he wasn’t heroic or brave.
He discovered the truth within the ideal views he had (see flashcard 14 hell yeah)
27. Chapter 3 – page 19″I explode into wakefulness… my bursts of gunfire killed the soldiers quickly, no exploding head, no body cut in two… I saw how young they were, boys with apple cheeks, too young to shave. Like me.”
Francis explains that his dream is more graphic than reality
He creates a link between himself and the German soldiers- Everybody is equal.
Damn this is deep.
30. Chapter 4 – page 21″I wanted to be like them, these heroes, fighting the Japs and the Germans, going off to battles on land and sea.”
Francis used to have a romantic idea about war
Later, he learns that they weren’t heroes they “were only there” (page 47)
33. Chapter 5 – page 25″It’s a bad luck place, people had said. A place of doom, others added”
The first description of the Wreck Centre suggests the tragedy that will take place there.
The words are highlighted by being in single-sentence paragraphs.
35. Chapter 5 – page 27″A tall slim man stepped into view, a lock of blond hair tumbling over his forehead, a smile that revealed dazzling movie-star teeth.”
Larry, Larry, Larry.
The Gilderoy Lockhart of Heroes.
He is instantly idolized by Francis, the ‘perfect’ guy.
36. Chapter 5 – page 27″He was most of all a teacher.”
As a teacher, Larry has responsibilities to carry out.
By making this point, is Francis suggesting he is other things than a teacher?(eg, a rapist. (sorry i had to go there))
40. Chapter 5 – page 28″Home was now the tenement where I lived with my Uncle Louis… He took me in after my father died.”
He Chooses to forget memories from the past as they may distract him from his mission.
41. Chapter 5 – page 29″He tamed the notorious schoolyard bully… ‘But he still beats kids up in the schoolyard,’ Joey LeBlanc observed.”
Francis recounts Larry’s achievements but he suggests that they were only cosmetic (on the surface)
42. Chapter 5 – page 29″There were dark hints that he had ‘gotten into trouble’ in New York City… The air of mystery that surrounded him added to his glamour.”
This is the first hint that something is wrong with Larry in the flashback narrative
Francis uses the language of celebrity to characterise Larry’s appeal to the people.
Its a speculation-gasm basically
43. Chapter 5 – page 30″She seemed to exist in a world of her own, like a rare specimen, bird-like and graceful, separate from the rest of the dancers.”
Francis describes Nicole using a simile
Again, he suggests that she is unique
She is separate – just like him
50. Chapter 7 – page 39″Jealousy streaked through me as Larry LaSalle tossed her in the air… pressing her close, their faces almost touching, their lips only an inch or so from a kiss.”
Already, there is jealousy in the triangular relationship between Larry, Francis and Nicole
(speculation) Who is Francis jealous of?
51. Chapter 7 – page 39″His eyes shone with admiration when I made an unusual shot.”
Francis seeks the admiration of larry
52. Chapter 7 – page 39″I’m not supposed to play favourites, Francis, but you and Nicole are special to me.”
Larry makes it clear that there is a special bond between the three characters
He shouldn’t have favourites but he breaks this ‘rule’
(spec) Why are they exceptions?
54. Chapter 7 – page 40 & 41″the way she had casually said his name… ‘Larry’, spoken off- hand as if they were more than teacher and pupil.”
Why does Francis feel jealous?
(spec) Is he jealous because Nicole is close to Larry?
(specufreakinglation) Is he jealous Larry likes Nicole?
56. Chapter 8 – page 46″I want to talk about it, my war… And your war, too, Francis. Everybody’s war. The war nobody wants to talk about.”
Arthur Rivier shows that people are trying to ignore the effects of the war
They are not addressing their problems – instead they hide their emotions
58. Chapter 8 – page 47″No heroes in that scrap-book, Francis. Only us, the boys of Frenchtown. Scared and homesick and cramps in the stomach and vomit. Nothing glamorous like the write-ups in the papers or the newsreels. We weren’t heroes. We were only there…”
Links to themes of heroes and war.
61. Chapter 9 – page 51″
‘How about writing books? Didn’t you win Sister ‘Mathilde’s medal for composition?’
‘Oh, I could never write a book.’
‘I think you could.’
Nicole has confidence in Francis
62. Chapter 9 – page 53″We were stunned to suddenly see Larry LaSalle featured in the Movietone News. He was unshaven, face gaunt and drawn, eyes sunk deep into their sockets.”
The war has physical impacts on even the most majestic of heroes. Yeah, I went there.
64. Chapter 10 – page 55″The truth is that I don’t care whether I heal or not. Because I know that it doesn’t matter.”
Doesnt care about himself
Its all about the mission
Lets kill ourselves a larry.
65. Chapter 10 – page 55″I knew what he meant by disposal because I had planned my own method after my mission was completed.”
Is he planning on killing himsel?
69. Chapter 11 – page 58″Fred Astaire still in his walk but something different about him. His slenderness was knife-like now, lethal.”
The movie-star image is contrasted with one of violence
Larry is a killer and Francis implies he is dangerous
74. Chapter 11 – page 60″Once, Nicole whispered: ‘Stay close to me,’ as we resumed our parade… a thrill went through me like a jolt as I pulled her close and said: ‘I’ll never leave you.’
They are so close. However Francis betrays his promise of never leaving her.
79. Chapter 11 – page 63″How long did I stand there listening?… I couldn’t breathe, my body rigid, my lungs burning… What were they doing?”
Francis’s description suggests he knows what they were doing
Rhetorical questions suggest he knows the answer but still can’t face the truth
He is terrified of the truth because he has done nothing and still feels guilty
80. Chapter 11 – page 63″But I knew what they were doing – the thought streaked through my mind so fast it could hardly be acknowledged.”
Francis is forced to admit the truth to the reader
He confesses to us – is the whole novel a confession of his sin before he kills himself? DEEP.
81. Chapter 11 – page 64″I recognised in her eyes what I could not deny: betrayal. My betrayal of her in her eyes.”
Francis feels ashamed because he did not stop Larry from hurting Nicole.
He believes that she blames him
Repetition emphasises this
82. Chapter 11 – page 64″It’s amazing that the heart makes no noise when it cracks.”
The chapter ends with a dramatic image
This contrasts with how Francis had been feeling throughout the chapter
86. Chapter 12 – page 67″I could only stand there mute, as if all my sins had been revealed and there was no forgiveness for them.”
Francis is using Catholic imagery
He is punishing himself, taking all the blame away from Larry
He then turns to the church for help
87. Chapter 12 – page 68″Saying a prayer before committing the worst sin of all: despair… I thought of my mother and father – could I disgrace their name this way?”
Suicide is absolutely the worst sin that a Catholic can commit
Francis is ashamed at the thought of letting his parents down
88. Chapter 12 – page 69″I could not die that way. Soldiers were dying with honour on battlefields all over the world. Noble deaths. The deaths of heroes. How could I die by leaping from a steeple?”
The theme of heroism returns again
Is Francis trying to be a hero or is he trying to die?
Notice the use of sentence structures for effect
93. Chapter 14 – page 73″He is pale, eyes sunk into the sockets like in the newsreel at the Plymouth, and he seems fragile now, as if caught in an old photograph that has faded and yellowed with age.”
Larry has changed physically
He is like the other war veterans in that the war has had a major impact on his appearance
(spectacle-ation)Does Francis feel pity for him?
94. Chapter 14 – page 73″‘Don’t be afraid to show your face, Francis. That face, what’s left of it, is a symbol of how brave you were, the Silver Star you earned…'”
Larry is still trying to teach Francis
Is Larry’s physical appearance a symbol of what he has done?
99. Chapter 14 – page 76″‘Oh, Francis. You’re too hard on yourself. You didn’t do anything you should feel guilty about, that should make you want to die. You couldn’t have stopped me, anyway, Francis. You were just a child.'”
Larry tries to take the blame away from Francis
He is playing the role of God here.
Forgives Francis’ sins.
I bet god wouldnt rape someone. huh? HUH?
100. Chapter 14 – page 76″‘The sweet young things, Francis. Even their heat is sweet…’ Sweet young things. Had he done it before?”
It is suggested that Larry has done this before
Larry sees the girls as treats or gifts – he tries to excuse his behaviour
here he is: the biggest douche in the universe
101. Chapter 14 – page 77″‘Does that one sin of mine wipe away all the good things?'”
The most important quote in the novel! The nature of heroes is the main theme in the novel
Cormier leaves it up to the reader to decide, (but clearly the answer is yes)
Francis avoids answering the question
104. Chapter 14 – page 79″The sound of a pistol shot cracks the air. My hand is on the doorknob. The sound from this distance is almost like a ping-pong ball striking the table.”
This simile is used in an ironic way – table tennis made Francis feel special and is connected to Larry
Now he calls it ‘ping-pong’ – a game not a sport not requiring any skill (page 37)
108. Chapter 16 – page 83″For one lightning moment, I don’t recognise her… Now her hair is cut short and combed straight and flat… Her cheek-bones are more prominent and her eyes seem to be bigger, I look at her as if studying a painting in a museum.”
Nicole has been physically transformed by her experiences
Francis still sees her as a work of art
112. Chapter 16 – page 85″‘Are you going to write? I always thought you’d be a writer.’ ‘I don’t know.’ Which is the truth, for a change.”
still believes in him even after all this time
113. Chapter 16 – page 85″To see if maybe you could still be my girl. Which would maybe change my mind about the gun in my duffel bag.”
Is he planning on killing himself?
Can Nicole change his mind about this?
116. Chapter 16 – page 88″‘I don’t know what a hero is anymore, Nicole.’ I think of Larry LaSalle and his Silver Star. And my own Silver Star, for an act of cowardice. ‘Write about it Francis. Maybe you can find the answer that way.'”
The main question of the novel is ‘what is a hero?’
Ironically, Francis does write about it – does the novel provide any answers?
120. Chapter 17 – page 90″I think of the gun inside the duffel bag at my feet… The weight is nice and comfortable.”
The gun gives him comfort
The ending of the novel is ambiguous – does he kill himself?